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Tag: congenital

The Hairy Eyeball

by on Jan.08, 2013, under Family, Health, Kids, Nature, Technology

The hairy eyeball


A glance made with partially lowered eyelashes. This usually indicates suspicion or hostility but may signal other emotions too. hairy-eyeball-jb   Then there's the limbal dermoid: skin tissue that can sprout hair, cartilage, sweat glands and even teeth.

epibulbar_dermoid_1_060429 You can see the epibulbar dermoid on this child, who can also sprout hair, cartilage, sweat glands and even teeth.


Besides occluding vision, the tumor can be painful.


The condition is uncommon, occurring in around 1 in 10,000 births, and the tumor is benign.


It's a congenital condition, which can usually be treated with surgery.


If the dermoid forms on the cornea rather than the limbus, it's a corneal dermatoid.


In most cases some vision can be restored, evidently by the application of chopsticks.


Then there's nothing left to do but dispose of the extra tissue and clean up the surgical area.




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Shoeless Xiao

by on Jan.01, 2013, under Culture, Family, Health, Kids

Xiao Meng, a 14 year old schoolboy, is usually the last to be picked for soccer. He's long outgrown any available shoes. Xiao is called "Hobbit Boy" by his schoolmates due to his congenital neurofibromatosis, a genetic condition which causes the feet to swell abnormally. xiaomeng-school His family couldn't afford treatment, so his feet have continued to grow bigger as he gets older. xiaomeng-exam His school teachers launched a campaign to get him the medical care he needs to lead a more normal life. xiaomeng-measure The Chinese media picked up the story and supported the effort. xiaomeng-prep Shanghai Children's Hospital agreed to provide free care. Donors have provided enough to cover accommodations in Shanghai while China Southern Airlines will provide free plane tickets for the boy and his family. xiaomeng-surg1 Doctors plan to cut away the excess growths from his feet during a four hour long surgery. He should gain about 70% of normal foot movement. The left foot can be treated in one operation, but the right foot will have to be done in two or three phases. xiaomeng-surgery It's expected to take about six months for the surgical wounds to heal. xiaomeng-exam2 Doctor Tang Yujin of the hospital located in eastern China said, "We can treat the condition and when that is stable we plan to reduce the size of his feet so they look and feel more normal." xiaomeng-shoes He will have to learn to walk again, but is looking forward to being able to wear shoes instead of his makeshift denim boots. xiaomeng-denim "I like school but it hurts to walk and I can't go quickly or join in many games. Children sometimes call me names but they don't mean to be cruel." said Xiao.
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Coming Out Of Your Shell

by on Jun.15, 2012, under Culture, Family, Health, Kids, Nature

It's not uncommon for an infant to be born with a strawberry birthmark. Most are fairly innocuous, but some are pronounced.

Unless it affects sense or function, they're usually left untreated and go away by themselves after a few years.

But some birthmarks only get worse. Congenital Melanocytic Nevus manifests itself in discolored moles that may be hairy or hard.

An Qi, an eight year old from China was born with the large birthmark, which covers the right side of his face. As he's grown, the mark has expanded and also grown thick black hair.

Didier Montalvo lives in rural Columbia, and the neighbors shun him.

His mother thought his affliction was her fault, for looking at a solar eclipse while pregnant. Villagers refuse to acknowledge that silly superstition, convinced that the boy is cursed by evil forces.

Didier was teased and bullied by other kids, and his melanocytic nevus earned him the name "Turtle Boy."

His family was unable to afford the surgery that could correct the problem, but he tried to have as normal a life as possible.

Didier's life was severely affected by the growth, which was painful and itchy.

When his story was featured in a local newspaper, he received a flood of donations, and a plastic surgeon from Great Ormond Street Hospital in London offered to fly to Colombia to work with the team there.

Surgeon Neil Bulstrode said, “Didier’s CMN was the worst case I had ever seen due to the size and bulk of the lesion. Effectively three quarters of the circumference of his body was affected. When I saw the pictures of Didier, one of my first feelings was that if we could remove it, we would significantly improve his quality of life.”

Didier's surgery was successful. The mole was removed and covered with a series of skin grafts. Dr. Bulstrode commented, "Obviously he has had to go through a number of painful operations, but we feel it was worth it. It’s great to see the photos of how Didier is getting on now. I'm really happy with how things have healed." Didier had said: "I want to grow up. But the mole won't let me."

This group of teens overcame their affliction by forming a martial arts team and fighting crime.

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